Biological Diversity – Supporting the Convention on Biological Diversity
Satellites observing the Earth contribute to the work of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) by assessing biological diversity. This has been demonstrated at the example of two important ecosystems of the Earth, Inland Waters and Drylands (https://www.diversity2.info).
The CBD: Biological diversity (biodiversity) provides resources and ecosystem services upon which mankind is dependent. Since long, it is on the decline globally. The ongoing loss of biodiversity is a threat to human well-being, security and economic growth. Reversing these trends is a major environmental challenge facing the global community. The first global step to accept this challenge was the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It was opened for signature at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and entered into force in 1993. Since then, biodiversity conservation has developed into a key political issue and the CBD has become a major instrument for the conservation of biodiversity, both at national and international levels. At present, the Convention has 193 Parties, including the European Union.
The DIVERSITY-II project: In order to contribute to the assessment and monitoring of the Aichi 2020 Biodiversity Targets of the CBD , the European Space Agency (ESA) has contracted Diversity II Project to an international team lead by Brockmann Consult. The aim of this project are to provide status maps, associated change maps, status indicators and trend indicators aggregated at different administrative and biome level, for selected key parameters: (1) Availability and quality of inland waters and (2) Net Primary Production and Rain Use Efficiency of drylands and sub-humid lands.
- Prime contractor
- Project management
- Preprocessing (cloud screening, pixel classification, atmospheric correction) of all optical data
- Data management
- Development of software for the Inland Water processing chain
- Pre-processing of all data for inland water and dryland
- Processing of all data (complete MERIS archive) for the inland waters
- Coordination of bio-diversity stories
- Provision of inland water biodiversity stories